Categorized as: Game Theory

Victory By Stalemate


“The underdog wins if he doesn’t lose.” – Old Axiom, Unattributed

A Different Path To The Top

In most countries, Masters and Grandmasters comprise a small, tight-knit community (In case the thumbnail didn’t give it away – I’m referring to chess).

Those with top rankings usually keep a close eye on the rising contenders. In fact, they can often predict, with surprising accuracy, which players will one day make it to their level – and who won’t…

Years ago, there was a rising star – with a seemingly bright future – making his way up the ranks at a pace that surprised even this fellowship. Veterans at this level are rarely surprised – so it provoked their inquiry into how

After a game, each player’s

Echoes Of The Architects


“… So far as I am acquainted with the principles and Doctrines of Free Masonry, I conceive them to be founded on benevolence and to be exercised for the good of mankind. If it has been a Cloak to promote improper or nefarious objects, it is a melancholy proof that in unworthy hands, the best institutions may be made use of to promote the worst designs.” – George Washington

Freemasonry is as often misunderstood by its critics as by its supporters. Knowledge of its history sheds light upon the largest misconceptions – as well as important insight into our present…

“You keep using that word. I do not think it means what you think it means.” – Inigo Montoya, The Princess Bride

Origins Of Architecture

Though myths and legends …

The Protocols Of Governance


“The reason written laws were such a breakthrough is that they permitted lossless digital replay over distance . . . Orally communicated laws were limited by the travel radius and the memory of the speaker. Subject to a game of telephone when repeated. [Now we can] communicate what we see/hear – digitally, losslessly, over great distance . . . for photo/video, not just characters.”

Balaji Srinivasan, making a parallel between the effects of King Hammurabi’s Code and those of the internet.

This notion started a long chain of thought…

Unsustainable Losses

The earliest forms of government appeared when societies began to use writing to create laws and decrees for mass distribution.

To monopolize this knowledge was to claim the authority that came with it. One of history’s …

Anthem Of Equivalence


Tyger Tyger, burning bright, In the forests of the night; What immortal hand or eye, Could frame thy fearful symmetry? – Excerpt from The Tyger, by William Blake

Cast In The Same Mold

Isomorphism derives its name from the Greek iso, meaning “equal,” and morphos, meaning “form,” or “shape.”

It’s used to describe underlying symmetry between high-level concepts in many different fields:

Mathematics – symmetrical sets of numbers, their graphs, and transformative relationships. (You’ll find much of the latter in the artwork of M.C. Escher) •Biology – similarity in body structures or evolutionary paths between species. •Linguistics – common evolution of word origins, usage, and grammar. (See: Zipf’s Law) •Game Theory – decision trees which produce mutual stability points, such as

Evolving By Network


“But somewhere, beyond Space and Time, Is wetter water, slimier slime! And there, they trust, there swimmeth One Who swam ere rivers were begun, Immense, of fishy form and mind, Squamous, omnipotent, and kind.” Rupert Brooke, Heaven

When embarking into unfamiliar territory, the wise and prudent will prefer to consult those who have gone before

So, if networks had been put to use for billions of years before humans “invented” them, wouldn’t it be foolish not to seek guidance from their creator?

It isn’t a rhetorical question…

Nature’s Network Architects

Research into the behavior of Slime molds has raised questions about the real nature of intelligence. (See: How Brainless Slime Molds Redefine Intelligence – Scientific American). Despite lacking a central nervous system, their methods are …